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Home > Article > Hajj Places Where Hajj Rites Are Performed
Hajj Places Where Hajj Rites Are Performed
Selamat Hari Raya Idul Adha
Ka’bah (Baitullah)
A cubic structure, built by Prophet Ibrahim and Ishmail on God’s (ALLAH) command. Since then it has become the source of peace and blessings and guidance for all mankind and the pilgrims circle around it with utmost enthusiasm and devotion.
Masjidil Haram (Alharam Asharief Mosque)
The mosque in which Ka’bah is situated is called Masjidil Haram. This is the holiest and biggest mosque in the world, a vast two stories building that can accommodate two million people.
Hajar Aswad (Black Stone)
The sacred Black Stone set about chest-high in the eastern corner of the Ka’bah was originally placed there by Prophet Ibrahim. It is a heavy oval stone, of black reddish color. Its diameter is 30 cm, surrounded with a silver frame. The pilgrim is required to kiss the black stone if possible.

It is told that the Prophet Muhammed said, "The stone and the station of Ibrahim are bequeathed from paradise, but ALLAH obliterated their light, otherwise they would have lit between east and west". He also said, "When the black stone was lowered from paradise, it was whiter than milk, but the sins of humans made it black”.

Tawaf is started by kissing or touching or pointing towards the Black Stone and brought to completion at it, after seven circles.
Multazam is the wall, about 1.5 meters in length, between Hajar Aswad and the door of the Ka’bah. This is a highly sacred place where prayers are accepted. The pilgrims cling to it pressing their chests and cheeks to it and pray humbly for the forgiveness of their sins and acceptance of their prayers.
Mizab Al-Rahmat
Mizab Al-Rahmat is the spot under the drain of the Ka’bah’s roof. It is a place for acceptance of prayers.
Maqam Ibrahim (Station of Ibrahim)
A glass and metal structure which contains a sacred stone bearing the footprint of Prophet Ibrahim who stood here during the construction of the Ka’bah. It is situated to the north-east of the Ka’bah, close to its door.
Zamzam Water
The spring which miraculously gushed forth at Ishmail's feet never stops gushing and continuously gushing for thousands of years up to now, called Zamzam water. It is only a few meters east of the Ka'bah. Now, the well is 35 meters deep and topped by an elegant dome.

Zamzam has provided the water to billions of people for thousands of years up to now. One of the miracles of Zamzam water is its ability to satisfy both thirst and hunger. The water used to be called "Shabba'ah" or satisfying.

The Prophet Muhammad said: "The best water on the face of the earth is the water of Zamzam; it is a kind of food and a healing from sickness."
Safa and Marwah
Safa is a hill to the south of the Ka’bah, which has been leveled down. Opposite to it, to the north of the Ka’bah is Marwah. Performing sa’i between these two hills is a principal rite of Hajj.
Mina is a plain within the boundaries of Masjidil Haram, about 5 km outside Mecca. The pilgrims pass the night here between the 8th and 9th Dzulhijjah and then carry on to Arafat after sunrise on the 9th Dzulhijjah. They return here on the 10th Dzulhijjah for the 3 final days of Hajj. Animal sacrifice is done here.

The pilgrims throw pebbles on 3 Jumrah (stone pillars) that represent devils. These stone pillars, representing devils, are known as Jumrah al-Ula (small devil), Jumrah al-Wusta (middle devil) and Jumrah al-Aqabah (big devil). This symbolizes Ibrahim's throwing stones at devil when he tried to dissuade Ibrahim from sacrificing his son. This rite is carried out within 11th, 12th, and 13th Dzulhijjah.
Arafat is a vast plain about 15 km to the east of Mecca. Arrival in Arafat on the 9th Dzulhijjah and Wuquf (halting) herein until sunset is the most principal Hajj rite. Without Wuquf, Hajj is not valid. At sunset, the pilgrims leave for Muzdalifa.
Muzdalifah is a place midway on the route from Mina to Arafat. Pilgrims gather here on the night of the 9th Dzulhijjah on their return from Arafat. Here, they carry out Maghrib and Isya prayers. It is a must to stay here after Shubuh prayer (between the break of dawn and sunrise) before going to Mina.
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